As adults age, their minds and bodies experience more challenges and various changes. It’s not uncommon for an elderly loved one to encounter cognitive and mental changes that prevent him or her from handling daily tasks. Below are the most common types of age-related changes seniors face and what can be done to address each issue.
1. Decreasing Bone Health
As older adults age, their bones begin to lose density and shrink in size. As a result, they’re more susceptible to slips and falls as well as sprains and broken bones. Your loved one may experience a reduction in bone strength and flexibility. One way to manage this change is to develop a moderate exercise routine. Your parent can increase muscle and joint strength by working out at least three times per week. Healthy eating can also keep the bones strong in the senior years.
Many seniors prefer aging in place over moving to an assisted living facility. If your senior loved one needs assistance to remain safe and comfortable while living at home, reach out to Home Care Assistance, a leading senior home care agency. Our dedicated in-home caregivers can assist with meal prep, bathing and grooming, exercise, medication reminders, and many other important tasks.
2. Cognitive Changes
The brain functions differently with age due to the loss of neurons and the inability to repair damaged cells. These changes can make it difficult to take on daily tasks. The cognitive changes could also put your loved one’s safety at risk. For example, your parent may lose the ability to make sound decisions, causing him or her to harm him or herself or others. Brain stimulation is a great way to boost cognitive health. Encourage your loved one to learn new things, play brain games, and take on meaningful tasks.
3. Vision Impairment
Macular degeneration and cataracts are common issues for older adults due to perception changes and stiff lenses. The elderly are less capable of producing tears as they age, which causes their vision to become cloudier. To manage vision changes, your loved one should consult with a doctor about treatment, such as surgery or prescription glasses.
4. Hearing Changes
Most seniors are exposed to excessive noise throughout their lifetimes, and this exposure could lead to hearing loss and other changes. You may notice your loved one has difficulty hearing in busy places or understanding high-pitched sounds. However, your loved one can ask his or her doctor about smartphone apps, implants, and assistive listening devices to combat the hearing changes.
5. Heart Problems
The heart needs to work harder in the senior years to circulate blood through the body, and the arteries also lose their elasticity. As a result, your loved one is at higher risk for high blood pressure and hardened arteries. However, your parent can stave off heart problems by staying physically and socially active, following a healthy diet, and managing stress levels.
Some seniors only require help with a few daily tasks so they can maintain their independence. However, those living with serious illnesses may need more extensive assistance. Luckily, there is professional live-in care Sacramento, CA, seniors can rely on. Home can be a safer and more comfortable place for your loved one to live with the help of an expertly trained and dedicated live-in caregiver.
6. Digestive Disorders
Aging typically slows down the digestive process and causes food to move through the colon more slowly. When this process slows down, more water is absorbed from waste, increasing the risk of constipation and other digestive problems. To strengthen the digestive system, your loved one should stop smoking, exercise more, alter his or her diet to include easy-to-digest foods, and chew food slowly.
Many older adults are choosing to age in place, and some need a helping hand to continue living at home safely and comfortably. Luckily, there is professional elder care Sacramento seniors can trust and rely on. To create a customized home care plan for your loved one, call Home Care Assistance at 916.706.0169 today.